Why Fluorite Comes in Different Colors? With Examples

Rainbow Fluorite is simply bands of various colors. Photo by Joanne Dusatko

Forget rubies, garnets and sapphires. Fluorite would be the world’s most vibrant mineral, due to the big vary of sensible and even iridescent colors it shows.

The humorous factor is, pure fluorite crystals are clear.

Fluorite is the mineral type of calcium fluoride,CaFP. It belongs to the halide minerals. It crystallizes in isometric cubic behavior, though octahedral and extra complicated isometric varieties aren’t unusual.

Fluorite is Allochromatic, which means that it may be tinted with elemental impurities. It is likely one of the most diversified coloured minerals within the mineral kingdom, and the colours could also be very intense and virtually electrical.


A crystal’s color is dictated by the best way mild interacts with the chemical compounds in it, and by how these are bonded in an orderly construction, or lattice. Any impurities that work their approach into fluorite’s lattice can alter its obvious color. For instance, manganese ions flip it orange.

Structural defects inside the lattice, often known as color centres, have an identical impact.

Fluorite is available in a variety of colours and has consequently been dubbed “The most colourful mineral on the earth“. Every colour of the rainbow in numerous shades are represented by fluorite samples, together with white, black, and clear crystals. Pure Fluorite is colorless; the colour variations are brought on by numerous numerous impurities.

The commonest colours are purple, blue, inexperienced, yellow, or colorless. Less widespread are pink, purple, white, brown, and black. Color zoning or banding is usually current. The shade of the fluorite is decided by elements together with impurities, publicity to radiation, and the absence or voids of the colour facilities.

Fluorite’s hallmark deep purple hue is the results of a small variety of fluoride ions being completely pressured out of their lattice positions by irradiation or heating. When they transfer, an electron is left behind in every gap. When mild hits the crystal, it’s absorbed and re-emitted by these electrons, producing the color we see.

Diagram to point out the variation of crystal morphology at Nabburg-Wölsendorf as a perform of temperature.  Three strains of evolution have been established based mostly on the statement of the fl uorite mineralization at Nabburg-Wölsendorf. They have been interpreted when it comes to various temperature gradients and correlated with temperatures revealed by ZIDAROVA et al. (1978) for comparable fluorite habits.

Some fluorite specimens even have bands of various colors.


Fluorite varieties in hydrothermal veins within the Earth’s crust and in cavities in sedimentary rocks. Over the centuries, these fissures are always opening and shutting, typically slicing off the fluids wanted for fluorite to type. It’s the delicate modifications within the chemistry of those fluids that causes color zoning within the crystals as they develop.

Some colours are deeply coloured, and are particularly fairly in giant properly-shaped crystals, which Fluorite typically varieties. Sometimes coloring is brought on by hydrocarbons, which might be faraway from a specimen by heating. Some sellers might apply oil remedy upon newbie Fluorite specimens to reinforce luster.

Rainbow Fluorite. photograph: Joe Kienle

Fantastic fluorite on dolomite from Elmwood Mine, Tennessee. Credit: Anton Watzl

Stunning Fluorite crystal is from a southern Illinois mine. Matthew Webb @MineralSpecimen
Splendid fluorite crystals with a quartz on them.

Marvelous Fluorite from Shangbao Mine Hunan Province China.
Credit:  Exceptionalminerals..com
Beautiful sharp edged and intense yellow-coloured fluorite from Aouli, Morocco. Photo © Egil Hollund
A good fluorite ball. The fluorite shouldn’t be handled with oil or water. Collection, photograph & © Egil Hollund

Amber colored fluorite on quartz from Annaberg-Frohnau, Erzgebirge, Saxonia, Eastern Germany. Photo”: © Jesse Fisher
Rare fluorite-slice from Wölsendorf, Bavaria! Collection, photograph & © Gerhard Brandstetter
Fluorite and barite. from Guxian, Landkreis Tongbai, Provinz Henan Photo & © Joaquim Callen

Fluorite sort second era, a mixture of the crystal types of dice and rhombic dodecahedron. Collection, photograph & © Andreas Schmid
Colour intense octahedron fluorite from Riemvasmaak fluorite occurrences, Kakamas District, Northern Cape Province, South Africa.Collection, photograph & © Albert Russ
A botryoidal Fluorite from Gunxian reduce and polished!  from Banded fluorite from Guxian, Xinyang Präfektur, Henan, China. Specimen, Photo & © Roland Noack


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